Finding Aid

Underwood and Underwood Photograph Collection

Finding Aid prepared by Jordan Ritchie

 

           

 

SPECIAL COLLECTIONS

& LIBRARY GALLERY

Albin O. Kuhn Library & Gallery

University of Maryland, Baltimore County

1000 Hilltop Circle

Baltimore, MD 21250

 

https://library.umbc.edu/speccoll/

410-455-2232

 

Updated- February 2019

 

 

Summary Information

Repository                                  The Special Collections Department of the Albin O. Kuhn Library & Gallery at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County

 

Creator                                                         Underwood and Underwood Company

 

Title                                                            Underwood and Underwood Collection

 

Date (inclusive)                                          1900-1975

 

Extent                                                  556 Folders,(<40,000 Photographs)        

Language                                                     English

 

Language of Materials note                 English

 

 

Abstract   Photographs taken from various unidentified parties but under the common ownership of Underwood and Underwood. Photographs almost all black and white glossy prints yet vary in size and subject. Often the original captions are included or attached to the images, often including subject information, copyrights and dates.

 

 

 

Preferred Citation note-

 

[identification of item], title of collection, collection call # or ID#, Special Collections, University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Historical Note

 

The Underwood and Underwood Company was founded in 1882 by two brothers Elmer and Bert Underwood. Starting out as a stereoscopic photograph sales company located in Kansas, they quickly became the worldwide leader in the production and sales of stereographic images.Their early success and the prosperity of the American economy in the late 19th century  led to the company’s expansion into new markets, most notably photojournalism. With the rise of Kodak to international fame, and the expansion of the middle class caused by an ever-growing industrialization, the medium of photography became increasingly commonplace in the everyday lives of most Americans, and even became a popular hobby. With the multiplying number of magazines and weekly periodicals using photography, Underwood and Underwood eventually fully transitioned their business into the growing domain that would later be called Photojournalism and commercial photography. Along with news images, this company began collecting and taking photographs intended for use in advertising, and eventually evolved into one of the earliest photo syndication agencies.

With their innovative business model, Underwood and Underwood became amongst the first companies to produce, buy, and sell photographic images on a a large scale to various media companies, and would eventually expand from their location in Kansas, to headquarters in Baltimore, New York, London, Toronto, and offices in St. Petersburg, Paris, Bombay, Singapore, Manila, El Paso, and San Francisco. The Underwood brothers’ company would be heavily involved in photographing politicians, including presidents, thanks to their office in Washington, as well as war and conflicts photographs through both world wars. Additionally, they were often involved in taking pictures of various athletic events, especially during multiple Olympics, when they would sell their images to a multitude of publications around the globe. Underwood and Underwood would continue as a news and wire photographic company for nearly a century, until 1975, following the death of their longtime owner and director Milton Davison. The company and its remaining collection of images located in their New York City offices were sold to George Rinhart. Mr. Rinhart kindly donated a large collection of prints to the University of Maryland Baltimore County Library in 1987, as well as to multiple other public and private collectors, including the Library of Congress of the United States.

 

Scope and Contents note

 

Arrangement note

 

Arranged within broadly labeled folders. Folders are not chronological nor entirely by subjects. Many included different years, subjects, sizes, and even on occasion other primary documents, including letters, recites, and newspaper clippings. This is the original manner in which the collection was organized when first donated.

 

Administrative Information

 

Condition Governing Access note

 

Collection is open to select research, by appointment only.

 

The archives reserve the right to restrict access to materials of sensitive nature or due to the collection items condition. Please contact the department for further information

 

 

Conditions Governing Use note

 

The collection is the physical property of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Special Collections Archive. The Library archive holds literary rights only for material created by archive personnel or given to the archive with such rights specifically assigned. For all other material, literary rights, including copyright, belong to the authors or their legal heirs and assigns. Researchers are responsible for obtaining permission from rights holders for publication and for other purposes where stated

 

 

Physical Characteristics and Technical Requirements note

 

Due to the nature and age of these photographs, they are highly delicate to work with so many precautions need be taken when accessing them. Many are torn, degrading, marked with pen, pencil or stamped, the marks were on the items prior to their arrival at the archive.

For anyone unfamiliar and interested in the proper method to utilize and evaluate historic photography, please consult: Edwards, Elizabeth. “Photography and the Material Performance of the Past.” History and Theory, Theme Issue 48. Wesleyan University. (December 2009). 130-150.  

 

 

Folder Title

# of Items

A-AL: Misc Folder 1 

98

A-AL

87

A-AL: Misc Folder 2

100

Agriculture; Akerson, George; and AGHA, Kurdo Zaro

79

Allen, Henry

93

Althouse, Paul

77

AM to AS

90

AM to AS: Misc

73

American Legion and Arizona

40

AT to AZ

104

Armistice Day and Archaeology

99

BA: misc

90

Bagpipes and Barcelona

53

BE: misc and Beauty Pageants

108

Belgium (folder 1)

75

Belgium (folder 2)

100

Bermuda

79

BO: misc

90

BI and BJ and BL

30

BR: misc (folder 1)

49

Boxing

5

(Motor) Boats Engines - Outboards

47

Boats (motor)

83

BR: misc (folder 2)

99

BR: misc (folder 3)

91

Bulgaria, Burma, and By: misc

79

BU: misc

58

CA: misc (folder 1)

22

CA: misc (folder 2)

100

California

30

Camps and Camping (folder 1)

96

Camps and Camping (folder 2)

101

C

99

D

69

Canning

103

Catholics

91

CE-CH

93

China (folder 1)

40

China (folder 2)

99

China (folder 3)

101

China (folder 4)

100

China (folder 5)

100

China (folder 6)

100

China (folder 7)

100

Chinese-Japanese War (folder 1)

100

Chinese-Japanese War (folder 2)

80

Chinese-Japanese War; including Europeans and Americans in China (folder 3)

92

Chinese-Japanese War; also possibly some from the Revolution (folder4)

81

Christ

100

CI: misc and CL: misc and Cleaning

84

CO: misc (folder 1)

52

CO: misc (folder 2)

101

CO: misc (folder 3)

100

CO: misc (folder 4)

100

CO: misc (folder 5)

103

Coal

21

Colorado

106

Connecticut; Corsica; and Coolidge, Calvin

70

Costa Rica

68

Coste and Bellonte

102

CR: misc (folder 1)

66

CR: misc (folder 2)

101

CR: misc (folder 3)

100

D (folder 1)

100

D (folder 2)

99

CR: misc (folder 4)

101

CRO: misc

103

CU: misc

24

Cuba (folder 1)

61

Cuba (folder 2)

98

Cuba (folder 3)

104

CU: misc

100

Curacao

67

Czechoslovakia (folder 1)

36

Czechoslovakia (folder 2)

88

Czechoslovakia (folder 3)

100

DA: misc

60

DE: misc

52

Denmark (folder 1)

39

Denmark (folder 2)

100

DI misc; DO misc; Dominical Republic; DR misc

105

Dutch East Indies

20

DU and DY

22

E to EK: misc

79

EL: misc (folder 1)

79

EL: misc (folder 2)

100

EL: misc (folder 3)

100

EM: misc (folder 1)

24

EM: misc (folder 2)

99

EM: misc (folder 3)

100

EN: misc (folder 1)

108

EN: misc (folder 2)

79

England: Bournemouth

31

EP: misc

17

ER: misc (folder 1)

101

ER: misc (folder 2)

48

ES: misc

77

Espil, Dr. Felipe and wife

47

EU: misc

39

EX-EZ: misc

21

FA: misc

16

Family

30

Farming

67

Fashion

48

FI: misc and Fiber Waste

32

FI (folder 1)

101

FI (folder 2)

104

Fires (folder 1)

50

Fire (folder 2)

99

Fire (folder 3)

101

Fire (folder 4)

100

FL

102

FL: misc

80

Flags (folder 1)

22

Flags (folder 2)

100

FO: misc (folder 1)

17

FO: misc (folder 2)

100

FO: misc (folder 3)

102

FR: misc (folder 1)

69

FR: misc (folder 2)

104

G

100

FU: misc

37

GA-GL (folder 1)

100

GA-GL: misc (folder 2)

30

Georgia

43

German (War/Soldiers)

96

Germany (War)

85

Germany (misc)

75

GR: misc

80

GN:GZ

95

D (folder 1)

77

E (misc) (folder 1)

60

E (misc) (Folder 2)

101

F (folder 1)

20

D (folder 2)

100

D (Folder 3)

102

HA: misc (folder 1)

47

HA: misc (folder 2)

99

HA: misc (folder 3)

99

HA: misc (folder 4)

102

HA: misc (folder 5)

102

Havana (folder 1)

97

Havana (folder 2)

99

Havana (folder 3)

101

HE: misc

60

HI: misc (folder 1)

99

HI: misc (folder 2)

47

HO: misc (folder 21)

106

Hoover, Herbert and Hoare, Samuel

100

HU: misc

53

HO: misc (folder 2)

73

HY: misc

3

I-IN (misc)

43

India

36

IP-IZ: misc

79

Indonesia (Dutch East Indies)

89

Industry, Interiors, and Inventors

108

Ja, Je, Ji, Jo, Ju: misc

56

HO: misc (folder 3)

74

Jamaica

42

Japan (folder 1)

113

Japan (folder 2)

98

Japane (folder 3)

102

Jewels, Jewelry, and Jewish

83

F (folder 1)

100

F (folder 2)

98

F (folder 3)

100

KA: misc (folder 1)

12

KA: misc (folder 2)

100

KA: misc (folder 3)

88

KA: misc (folder 4)

104

KA: misc (folder 5)

100

KA: misc (folder 6)

101

Keeler

7

KE: misc (folder 1)

106

KE: misc (folder 2)

100

KE: misc (folder 3)

100

KEA-KEH

108

KEI-KEM

91

Ker-Kez

107

Kerner, Otto

15

KH: misc

66

KI: misc (folder 1)

97

KI: misc (folder 2)

102

Kiep, O.C

52

Kitchens and Kitchen appliances (folder 1)

95

Kitchens and Kitchen appliances (folder 2)

46

KL-KY

12

Knight, Don (photos by him)

26

LA: misc

32

Lakes

9

Laundry

43

Lead Industry and LE: misc

35

LI and LL: misc

44

Los Angeles

48

LO: misc

23

LU: misc

12

F (folder 1)

96

F (folder 2)

100

F (folder 3)

100

F (folder 4)

99

F (folder 5) 

100

F (folder 6)

102

F (folder 7)

63

MA: misc (folder 1)

114

MA: portraits (folder 1)

100

MA: portraits (folder 2)

119

MA: misc (folder 2)

108

MA: misc (folder 3)

101

MA: misc (folder 4)

98

MA: misc (folder 5)

103

MAK-MAL (misc)

78

MAL (misc)

105

MAN: misc (folder 1)

105

MAN: misc (folder 2)

95

MANNERS, Dianna Duff-Cooper

101

MAC/MC: misc

17

ME: misc (folder 1)

38

ME: misc (folder 2)

90

ME: misc (folder 3)

104

ME: (portraits)

100

Men at work

94

Military, American Expeditionary force in mexico against Pancho Villa (folder 1)

91

Military: American Expeditionary Force in Mexico

101

Military: American Expeditionary force in Mexico against Pancho Villa (folder 2)

102

Military: British Navy

79

Military: misc

55

Military: misc

60

F (folder 8)

100

F (folder 9)

100

F (folder 10)

99

Mining: misc

117

Modern home

29

MI: misc

29

Mining Coal

99

Mining: coal and copper

107

MO: misc

121

Montogmery

2

Motors: outboard

21

Moving Day

33

MU: misc

86

Navy

121

NA and NE

38

New York (folder 1)

93

New york (folder 2)

104

NI

11

Norway-Royalty

47

NO-NZ

7

OA-OH

23

Offices

74

Oil (folder 1)

91

Oil (folder 2)

85

OI-OZ

49

Olaya,m Dr. Enrique H.

59

PA: misc

97

Gilbert, S. Parker

69

Parks

17

People Painting

20

PE: misc (folder 1)

100

PE: misc (folder 2)

79

Heinrich Pestalozzi (Switzerland)

14

Pets (Children with pets)

32

PH: misc

38

Photography: Reflections and misc.

29

PI: misc

63

PL: misc

19

Police (folder 1)

104

Police (folder 2)

78

PO: misc

110

Polo

49

Power Plants

33

PR: misc

28

PS-PY: misc

21

F (folder 11)

100

F (folder 12)

99

F (folder 13)

100

Q: misc

14

RA: misc

110

Radar

64

Radio/ Broad Casting (folder 1)

100

Radio/Broadcasting (folder 2)

100

Radio/ Broadcasting (folder 3)

83

RE: misc

76

Religion (folder 1)

36

Religion (folder 2)

100

Restaurants

35

RI: misc (folder 1)

50

RI: misc (folder 2)

100

Rivers

59

RO: misc (folder 1)

98

RO: misc (folder 2)

100

RO: misc (folder 3)

100

RO: misc (folder 4)

98

RO: misc (folder 5)

102

RU: misc (folder 1)

100

RU: misc (folder 2)

99

Russia/ Soviet Union

10

RU: misc (folder 3)

101

RU: misc (folder 4)

96

RU: misc (folder 5)

97

Ruppert, Jacob

30

RY: misc (folder 1)

78

RY: misc (folder 2)

99

Ryan and Rzeschewki

84

F (folder 14)

100

G (folder 1)

24

G (folder 2)

100

F (folder 15)

100

F (folder 16)

100

SA: misc (folder 1)

100

SA: misc (folder 2)

100

SA: misc (folder 3)

100

SA misc and Sailing

73

SA: misc (folder 4)

100

SA: misc (folder 5)

100

SA: misc (folder 6)

101

St. George, George and Sackett, Frederick

78

SB: misc

15

SC: misc

50

SCA: misc

100

Schacht, Schall, Schain

100

SCHE-SCHI: misc (folder 1)

98

SCHE-SCHI: misc (folder 2)

96

SCHL-SCHZ: misc

86

Sculpture 

42

SE: misc

15

SH: misc

104

Shanghai

100

Ships (folder 1)

64

Ships (folder 2)

96

Shriners

70

SI: misc

31

Silhouettes and sinking ships

82

SK: misc and Sky Writing

80

SL:misc

1

SM: misc

12

Smyrna (in Turkey)

14

SN: misc

6

SO: misc

13

Social Register

110

Spaeth, Sigmund

1

SP: misc

9

Spain (folder 1)

99

Spain (folder 2)

97

Spain (folder 3)

96

Spain- Sam Sebastian

29

Spain, King Alphonso and Queen Victoria Eugenia

102

Spain, King and Queen

103

Spain, Queen Victoria

100

King and Queen of Spain

101

Spain: King Alphonso and Queen Victoria Eugenia

101

Spain: King Alphonso 

101

Spain: Royal family

105

Stadiums

66

ST: misc

31

Steam

32

Stein, Lilly

3

Storms (folder 2)

41

Storms (folder 1)

104

Students

66

SU: misc and sulphur and Summerall, Chas

100

Sugar Cane

115

Sumatra

98

SV and SW

18

Sweden (folder 1)

99

Sweden (folder 2)

114

Switzerland (folder 1) 

103

Switzerland (folder 2)

100

Switzerland (folder 3)

99

Switzerland (folder 4)

92

Sweden (folder 3)

103

Switzerland (folder 5)

100

Switzerland (folder 6)

101

G (folder 3)

100

Switzerland (folder 7)

114

Syria, Balbach

5

Syria, Ruins of Ancient Zyre

7

Armenistan, Syria

38

TA: misc

24

Tahiti

23

Tasmania

32

TE: misc

61

Tea

26

TH: misc

10

TI: misc

10

TO: misc

43

Track and Field photos

44

Tractors (folder 1)

130

Tractors (folder 2)

108

Tractors (folder 3)

145

Tractors (folder 4)

141

Tractor (folder 5)

118

Trains (folder 1)

99

Trains (folder 2)

50

Trains (folder 3)

103

Trains (folder 4)

95

TR: misc

26

TU: misc

18

Tunisia

29

Turkey

77

Turkestan

40

TW: misc

7

TY: misc

9

G (folder 4)

100

G (folder 5)

92

H (folder 1)

15

H (folder 2)

100

H (folder 3)

100

G (folder 6)

100

G (folder 7)

100

G (folder 8)

100

G (folder 9)

100

G (folder 10)

100

Ub-Ut: misc

17

Unemployment

67

Violins, VI: misc

30

VE: misc, VO: misc

17

VA: misc

33

Veterans

79

Volcano

39

Walker, Frank and some misc WA

74

WA: misc

102

Walker: misc (some misc. WA)

104

Warren: misc and Walker

101

Warren, F.E and Warren, Charles B. and WA (misc)

102

WE/WH: misc

86

White

101

Wire Industry and fences and WI misc

37

WO: misc (folder 1)

46

WO: misc (folder 2)

102

WO: misc (folder 3)

92

World War II

27

L (folder 1)

100

K (folder 1)

99

L (folder 2)

38

M (folder 1)

100

H (folder 1)

100

I (Folder 1)

75

I (folder 2)

101

I (folder 3)

91

K (folder 2)

17

J

91

H (folder 2)

100

H (folder 3)

100

H (folder 4)

103

H (folder 5)

100

H (folder 6)

100

H (folder 7)

102

Wright: (misc)

103

WR: misc (folder 1)

101

WR: misc (folder 2)

64

Wright, J. Butler and WR: misc

49

WU: misc

90

Wuu, Chao Chu

62

Wyant

27

WY: misc

35

X & Y: misc

30

Yugoslavia

51

Z: misc

25

N

80

O (folder 1)

80

O (folder 2)

100

P (folder 1)

52

P (folder 2)

100

P (folder 3)

100

P (folder 4)

100

Rocco, Eddie

68

R (folder 1)

100

M (folder 2)

100

M (folder 3)

112

M (folder 4)

100

M (folder 5)

100

M (folder 6)

100

M (folder 7)

100

M (folder 8)

84

M (folder 9)

100

W (folder 1)

100

W (folder 2)

95

W (folder 3)

101

Y

21

Z

2

T (folder 1)

107

T (folder 2)

99

U (folder 1)

100

U (folder 2)

21

V (folder 1)

41

V (folder 2)

100

V (folder 3)

110

W (folder 4)

27

T (folder 3)

100

T (folder 4)

100

T (folder 5)

101

S (folder 1)

101

S (folder 2)

100

T (folder 6)

22

T (folder 7)

101

S (folder 3)

101

S (folder 4)

100

S (folder 5)

100

S (folder 6)

100

S (folder 7)

100

R (folder 2)

100

S (folder 8)

100

R (folder 3)

100

R (folder 4)

100

R (folder 5)

82

S (folder 9)

48

B (folder 1)

102

B (folder 2)

104

A (folder 1)

20

B (folder 3)

101

A (folder 2)

102

A (folder 3)

100

B (folder 4)

98

B (folder 5)

52

B (folder 6)

100

C (folder 1)

23

D (folder 1)

100

C (folder 2)

100

B (folder 7)

100

C (folder 3)

93

B (folder 8)

100

BOX 

World War I: Americans 

97

World War I: Misc.

87

Military: Misc. 

100

Military: WWI era: French Soldiers to 1940 

18

Military: WWI Ear: Aviators to 1940 

6

Priests- 1920?

4

World War I- Austrians & Germans 

51

Military- WWI era- British Soldiers to 1940

Military- WWI era: United States Soldiers to 1940

100

WWI- Americans

100

Military Wars: WWI 

Military Wars: WWI (Folder 2)

Military Wars: WWI (Folder 3)

Military Wars: WWI (Folder 4)

Military Wars: WWI (Folder 5)

WWI- Austria & Germans (Folder2) 

100

Military- WWI Era: United States Soliders to 1940

Military WWI Era: U.S Soliders to 1940 

100

Military: WWI era: Navy (USA) to 1940

Military: United States, troops in China- 1927-1941 

Military- WWI era- Italian Soliders to 1940 

Spain 

39

World War I- France and French 

100